Infertility In Women – What Are The Symptoms?

Infertility is a common male/female reproductive health issue. It prohibits a couple from becoming parents of a child. According to a September 2020 report of the World Health Organisation, the world has approximately 48 million couples and 186 million individuals with infertility. 

No one is aware of infertility until they notice conception issues. As a female, you are infertile if you do not get pregnant after having unprotected sex for more than 6 -12 months. And you decide to visit an infertility clinic to know what causes obstruction in your way to motherhood. Before you see an expert, having a look at a few symptoms can help you suspect whether you are infertile or not.

Here are some significant symptoms of infertility in women:

 Irregular Periods

A woman’s menstrual cycle is on average 28 days. 28 is not a fixed number. Consistent fluctuations between the two sides can be considered normal. A woman with a cycle of 33 days in one month, 31 days the following month, and 32 days the following month may be considered to have a “normal” period. However, if the number of days fluctuates greatly month to month. She cannot predict when menstruation will begin. Causes can range from hormonal issues to PCOS, but this is a symptom that needs further investigation as it can affect fertility.

Heavy Periods

Vaginal bleeding during menstruation should be normal. If you have very heavy or very light periods, it may be a sign that you are not ovulating. Track your monthly flow. If you continue to have heavy bleeding, get checked.


If your period has inexplicably stopped for a long time (more than a month after your usual appointment), it may mean that you have missed your period. Factors such as stress or vigorous exercise can affect your period, but prolonged periods without a period are a sign that you should see a doctor.

Symptoms of Hormonal Imbalance

Any symptom of hormonal imbalance should be considered as a possible indicator. Symptoms of hormonal imbalance include:

  • Acne and other skin problems
  • Reduced libido
  • Growing of facial hair
  • Hair loss or thinning
  • Weight gain

Pain During Intercourse

Painful intercourse is not normal. Many women who experience pain during intercourse should consider having fertility issues. However, it can be a symptom of an underlying problem, such as hormonal problems or endometriosis. This is a factor that affects fertility and must be confirmed by a doctor.


Infertility is a common problem in today’s couples. As a conscious female, you should confirm it with a respective doctor when you notice anything abnormal. Through fertility treatments such as IVF, ICSI, and IUI, you can conceive a child and enjoy motherhood.

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